Our healthcare practice takes patient privacy matters seriously.We work hard to meet and exceed all existing standards and regulations and will work to keep you informed regarding our office policies and your personal rights regarding privacy. We are required by federal and state law to maintain the privacy of your health information. We are also required to give you this NOTICE about our privacy practices, our duties, and your rights concerning your personal health information. We must follow the privacy practices described in this Notice while it is in effect. This Notice takes effect April, 14, 2003, and will remain in effect until we replace it, at which time we will issue a new Notice to Patients indicating a new activation date. You may request a copy of our Notice at any time, and may request additional copies, as needed, by contacting our office.

How We Disclose Health Information

Specialist Referrals
We use and disclose health information about you for treatment within our practice, for general healthcare operations, and payment collection. That means your information is available to our immediate staff, and to other healthcare practitioners who we may refer you to for additional treatment This includes, but is not limited to, surgeons, laboratories, x-ray facilities, pharmacies and the like.We will exercise our professional judgment in only distributing the minimum necessary information needed when sending health information to any outside healthcare associates.

General Business Operations
Your information may be reviewed in the course of general healthcare operations for activities such as conducting quality reviews, assessing practitioner performance, evaluation of business costs, conducting training programs, licensing, accreditation, and certain certification activities, and other business-related evaluations to help us in improving our delivery of healthcare to our patients.

Payment and Collection
Your health information will be sent to third party payers for insurance payment collection and, when applicable, to collection agencies for assistance to us in receiving payment for services rendered. Additionally, information may be used from time to time as necessary to secure payment for services. We will use our professional Judgment and experience with common practice to make decisions on what information to disclose to secure payment family, friends, personal representatives and others.

Family, Friends, Personal Representatives and Others
We may disclose your health information to a family member,friend, or other persons to the extent necessary to help with your healthcare or with payment for your healthcare. You may however request that we not disclose to anyone other than yourself, of which we will abide. An example where we might disclose to a family member or friend might be when someone drives you to the practice and we are reporting on progress and time remaining before competition, or where a family member desires to pick up a prescription or x-rays on your behalf. We will use our professional judgment and experience with common practice when disclosing your health information that it is directly relevant to the person's involvement in your healthcare. We may disclose health information to others who may be involved in your health care and are trying to ascertain your general condition,your current location, or learn of your death.

Marketing Health-Related Services
We will not use your health information for marketing communications without your written authorization. Under federal privacy rules we may send you updated information about our practice or healthcare system, send you information regarding programs and products we offer to further enhance your care and treatment, send reminder notice for appointments, and offer small nominal gifts from time to time, such as toys for young children, which is not considered marketing. We will never provide your name to an outside organization for marketing.

Our Business Associates
We require all of our business associates to sign a contract specifying they too are strictly following patient privacy rules and regulations. We will act swiftly and decisively if we find any violated provisions of their contract.

When the Law Requires Us to Disclose
We may disclose your health information to government agencies or others, as required by law. Examples of this include, but are not limited to, law enforcement, required state agency reporting, or coroners seeking to confirm identity. Additionally, we disclose to military authorities for purposes such as national security.

Abuse and Neglect
We may disclose your health information to appropriate authorities if we reasonably believe that you are a possible victim of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence, or are the victim of possible other crimes. We disclose to the extent necessary to avert further harm to you or others.

Patient Rights

Access to Records
You have a right to look at copies of your health information, with limited exceptions. You may request photocopies of your medical records. (Copies of x-rays may be obtained from applicable x-ray facility.) We will use the format you request, unless we are unable to practically do so. You must make your request to access your health information in writing to our practice. We can provide you with a form to do this, or you may do it by writing a letter specifying exactly what you want to view. If we provide photocopies we will charge you a set amount for each page copied. Check with our office for the current fee schedule. If you request an alternate format we will Charge you per the expenses we incur to satisfy your request. You may prefer to ask for a summary rather than receive all of the pages in your file. We can prepare a summary depending on what you are seeking to obtain. The fee for summation will vary depending on time to compile. The hourly rate for summation
is also on our current fee schedule.We have up to 30 days (and sometimes longer) to respond, depending on what is required to meet your request. Specifics will be provided upon request.

List of Disclosures
After April 14, 2003, you have the right to receive a list of instances, for the last six years, in which we or our business associates disclosed your health information for purposes other than treatment, payment, healthcare operations and a few other activities as specified by law. If you request this list more than once in a 12 month period we will charge you a reasonable cost-based fee for responding to the additional requests. Fees will be disclosed prior to action being taken.

Restrictions
You have the right to place additional restrictions on our use or disclosure of your health information. We are not required to agree to these restrictions, however, if we do agree, we will abide by our agreement, except in certain emergency situations.

Communications to You
You may request we communicate with you about your health information by alternative means or to alternative locations, when you make the request in writing. You must specify the alternative means or locations and provide satisfactory explanation how payments will be made under the alternative means or location.

Amendment of Your Records
You have the right to request that we amend your health information when requested in writing. We may deny your request, however we will note in your records your request to amend and reason. We cannot delete anything from the formal record but we can add addendums to the record that may be able to meet your amendment request.

Electronic Notice of this Information
If you received this information electronically (via email), you are entitled to receive this in written hard copy form.